The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a subspecies of the gray wolf (Canis lupus).
Over time, the dog has been developed into hundreds of different breeds and used for specific roles.
To give you an example of the varieties, we have sizes ranging from the Irish Wolfhound right down to the tiny Chihuahua. Colours ranging from black and browns to light tans, reds, grays and blues, not to mention variations of patterns. Coats that are short or long, coarse, smooth or curly, and let’s not forget the wool-like coat. No matter what our canine friend looks like, they are all considered “man’s best friend”.
Even though the man-made look of the “domestic dog” has changed – they are smaller, have shorter muzzles, smaller teeth and no longer have to hunt and catch their prey, they did evolve as carnivores (flesh eating predatory members of the animal kingdom). However, they are very capable of consuming both meat and plant based sources and are top in their field at scavenging.